Easter Island / Rapa Nui / Isla de Pascua
Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui, Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian triangle. A special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888, Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapanui people.
On the Photo: Orongo - Stone village and believed to have also been a ceremonial center for the birdman cult. It is on UNESCO's World Heritage List.
It is near the Rano Kau extinct volcano crater, south of the capital Hanga Roa. You can reach it easily on foot, walking from the town, passing the Mataveri Airport, walking on the trail up towards the volcano.
Orongo Village was used until the mid 19th century. Due to the spread of Christianity and the illnesses brought by Europeans, less and less locals used the site until it was finally abandoned. Restoration work and studies have been conducted in the 1970s and 1980s. Today, you can admire Orongo pretty well restored.
There used to be a basalt moai called Hoa Hakananai'a, which was removed by British in 1868 and brought to the British Museum. Unlike other statues, this one is built from basalt, the hardest material on the island.